About ​Relationships, Sexual Health and Parenthood

In this part of the health and wellbeing curriculum area, your child will develop an understanding of how to maintain positive relationships with a variety of people. They will become aware of how thoughts, feelings, attitudes, values and beliefs can influence decisions about relationships, and sexual health.
Your child will develop their understanding of the demanding role and responsibilities of being a parent or carer.

Second level (P5-P7)

  • Encourage your child to enjoy spending time outdoors with his/her friends.
  • Promote a range of activities that will give your child opportunities to meet and make a wide variety of friends, for example clubs and teams, extra-curricular lessons, residential trips.
  • Listen with an open mind when your child talks about different relationships that he/she has and how he/she feels about others.
  • Talk about scenarios when friendships change and how this might make him/her feel. Think together about how to react in these situations for the most positive outcome.
  • Think carefully about how you talk about your own body image and consider what messages this sends to your child.
  • Model good daily hygiene and encourage your child to develop and take responsibility for good hygiene habits on a daily basis.
  • Talk to your child about the changes that can happen during puberty and how these might affect the way that he/she feels and acts. Reassure your child that changes happen at different times and in different ways for each person.
  • Encourage your child to ask questions and talk about how his/her body is changing and any concerns that he/she might have.
  • Be sensitive to your child’s changing emotions as he/she reaches puberty and let him/her know that you are there.
  • Help your child to understand that no-one should try to make them do anything that makes them feel uncomfortable, unsafe or that they feel is inappropriate. Talk about what to do and who to tell if this happens.
  • Answer questions on sex and conception as they arise and encourage your child to ask about issues that they are unsure of or want to understand better.
  • Use issues from the news, magazines, TV programmes or films to talk with your child about sex and relationships.
  • Explain to your child that being a parent is an important responsibility and that parents have to make lots of decisions to keep their child safe, healthy and cared for.